United Nations of Earth

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Do you support a United Nations of Earth?

 
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NewGlobalOrder
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United Nations of Earth

Post by NewGlobalOrder » Mon Oct 10, 2011 11:21 pm

Humanity will soon be facing a fork in the road. To the left, the current path, with nations competing against each other over the world's resources. And to the right, the world finally coming together, to end war, starvation, and the diseases that face the third world.

This alone, should be good enough for anybody to agree with supporting an International Government, but it's not.

So let me point out another very important fact: those who fail to learn from history, our bound to repeat it. Human beings from the start, have gone to war over religion, resources, and power.

There are 7 billion people around the world, with an ever growing human population. Oil and fresh water are both running out, leaving 1st world nations with two choices: either go to war with another nation for their natural resources, or cull back their own population.

You can have a one child policy, but the population will still grow, just at a slower rate, so culling the population, will be the only option, unless you go to war.

Human beings like to pretend that they are not animals, but we are. We eat, piss, s**t and ******** like an animal, so we are an animal.

Think about it: if New York City shut down the power and water grid, how many people do you think would go around acting like savages? Nobody will know for sure, until it happens, but if just 1% of New York's population was to do so, you'd have hundreds of thousands of people.

That is why we need to transform the United Nations from an international organization, to the United Nations of Earth.

I have created a rough draft, of what the Constitution of Earth would look like.

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

PREAMBLE

WE THE PEOPLES OF EARTH DETERMINED

In order to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which has brought untold sorrow to humankind, and to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights and freedoms, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of women and men and of nations large and small, and to promote social progress and better standards of life for all.

AND TO THESE ENDS

To practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples.

HAVE RESOLVED TO COMBINE OUR EFFORTS TO ACCOMPLISH THESE AIMS

Accordingly, our respective governments, through representatives assembled in New York City, who have exhibited their full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed to the present Constitution of the United Nations, and do hereby establish an International Government to be known as the United Nations of Earth.

CHAPTER I: PURPOSES AND PRINCIPLES

Article 1

The purposes of the United Nations are:

1. To guarantee every State in this Union a Republican form of International Government, and shall protect them against invasion and domestic violence.

2. To maintain international peace and security between Member States, and to that end: take effective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law.

3. To develop poor nations within this Union based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen that nation.

4. To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems such as environmental, disease, food and water concerns.

5. To be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.

Article 2

The United Nations of Earth and its Member States in pursuit of the purposes stated in Article 1, shall act in accordance with the following principles:

1. The United Nations is based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all its members.

2. In order to ensure all members the rights and benefits resulting from membership, they shall fulfill in good faith the obligations assumed by them in accordance with the present Constitution.

3. All members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means, and shall have the right to take their case to the International Court, and shall abide by the decision of the Court.

4. All members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat of, or the use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any Member State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Constitution.

5. All members shall give the United Nations assistance in any action it takes in accordance with the present Constitution, and shall refrain from giving assistance to any State against which the United Nations is taking preventive or enforcement action.
6. Nothing contained in the present Constitution shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any State, or shall require members to submit such matters to the International Court for settlement under the present Constitution.

CHAPTER II: MEMBERSHIP

Article 3

1. Membership in the United Nations is open to all nations which accept the obligations contained in the present Constitution in good faith; are able and willing to carry out the obligations assumed by them in accordance, and once a nation becomes a member, shall not be permitted to withdraw from this Union, unless Chapter I, Article 1, section (1) is broken.

2. Membership shall require Member States to be a democracy, as governments are not a divine right, and as such, shall require the approval from the People to govern them. Membership shall also require members to transfer their military, intelligence agencies, and administrative powers over issues of international concern, to the President of Earth, and legislative powers over issues of international concern, to the General Assembly. The President and the General Assembly must have full control over issues concerning the planet, while leaving regional matters to respective States.

3. No Member State shall print or coin money.

4. No region from within a Member State shall be allowed to separate to form a new nation, and it shall be illegal to form, or participate with any separatist or anarchist movement; individuals that do so, shall face one year in prison.

5. The powers not delegated to the United Nations by the Constitution, are reserved to the Member States respectively.

Article 4

Any nation that refuses membership shall face the Prime Directive – which dictates that there can be no interference with the internal development of non-Member States. These nations cannot be given or exposed to any information regarding advanced technology, or any other form of knowledge, or assistance of any kind, lest this exposure alter the natural development of these nations; therefore, it shall be illegal for any citizen to travel too, to communicate with, or to do business with any non-Member State, or with any person or business in that nation. Member States shall also be banned from communicating or doing business with these nations, businesses or persons. That nation and their population shall be one hundred percent isolated from the world community until they decide to join, and meet the obligations of membership.

CHAPTER III: THE CHARTER OF RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS

Article 5

The enumeration in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the People, and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms does not guarantee the rights and freedoms set out in it, when they are criminal actions, to be prescribed by law.

(a) Individuals shall have freedom of speech, thought, beliefs, expression, privacy and free will.

(b) Individuals shall have the right to life, property, and fundamental government services essential to life.

(c) Individuals shall have freedom of assembly and freedom of association.

(d) Individuals shall have the right to freely enter, remain in, and leave any city, region, and country, and all persons born or naturalized in the Member States, are citizens of the Earth and of the country, region and city wherein they reside, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof.

(e) No State shall deprive any individual of life, liberty, or property, without the due process of law, and if an individual cannot afford an attorney, one shall be provided for them. Property shall not be taken, unless the government can prove it is for the safety of the general public, or needed for public use, and there shall be just compensation, unless the property was illegal, or being used for illegal activity.

(f) No individual is above the law, and every individual is equal before the law and under the law, and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination, and, in particular, without discrimination based on national or ethnic origin, colour, beliefs, sex, sexual preference, age, mental or physical disability.

(g) Individuals shall have the right to be secure in their persons, homes, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, which shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath, and describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized, unless a Peace Officer has seen a person commit a criminal act, then they shall be allowed to pursue said person into a home, search and seize said person, papers, effects, and if the Peace Officer knows without a reasonable doubt said person has a dangerous item, but when searched, said person no longer has it, they shall be allowed to search any person or private property nearby without a warrant, and later swear by Oath in-front of a judge, and to be questioned by that judge, on the reason why this was done without the issue of a warrant. Failure to provide evidence, or unable to prove reasonable cause, shall be a criminal offense, to be prescribed by law.

(h) Individuals who are arrested shall be informed promptly, in an official language which they understand, of the reasons for their arrest, and shall have the right to retain and instruct counsel, and to be informed of that right, and shall not be questioned without counsel present, unless counsel is waived, which has to take place in-front of a judge, and it shall be explained of the consequences of waiving their right to counsel.

(i) Individuals have the right not to be arbitrarily detained or imprisoned without any evidence, and before an individual can be detained or imprisoned, they shall be brought promptly before a judge or other officer authorized by law to exercise judicial power, to determine the legality of one's arrest or detention and go to trial within a reasonable amount of time, or shall be released on their own recognizance, pending trial. If said person is dangerous to another person or the public at large, the judge, or officer authorized by law to exercise judicial power can deny said person's release, and if said person is denied release, any amount of time waiting for trial, shall count as time served.

(j) In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall be entitled to a public trial, by an impartial judge, and if the accused so chooses, an impartial trial by jury, of the state and district wherein the crime had been committed, which shall have been previously ascertained by law; to be confronted with any witnesses against said person; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in their favor, and has the right to the assistance of an interpreter.

(k) No Individual shall be compelled in any civil or criminal case to be a witness against thyself.

(l) A witness who testifies in any civil or criminal proceedings, has the right not to have any incriminating evidence so given used to incriminate that witness in any other proceedings, except in a prosecution for perjury or for the giving of contradictory evidence. Witnesses shall give their personal or professional opinion without receiving any benefit for giving their testimony.

(m) A party or witness in any civil or criminal proceedings, who does not understand or speak the language in-which the proceedings are conducted, has the right to the assistance of an interpreter.

(n) No person shall be found guilty on account of any act unless counsel is present, unless waived, and cannot be found guilty of omissions unless counsel is present, unless waived.

(o) If acquitted of an offense, or found guilty and punished for an offense, said individual shall not to be tried or punished for it again, unless new evidence is provided, in-which said individual was not convicted and punished for, and there shall be a preliminary hearing to see if the new evidence is sustainable for trial.

(p) Individuals have the right not to be subjected to any cruel or unusual treatment or punishment, except in cases dealing with planetary security, or when people's lives are in-danger, where individuals can be detained and tortured for three hundred and sixty-five days, and sections (h), (i), and (t) shall not apply. Only the President can authorize torture of a person, and said document must be witnessed and co-signed by either the Inspector General of the United Nations, or the Speaker of the General Assembly. The witness who co-signed said document, shall report the authorization of detainment and torture to the General Assembly, one year and one day from the date and time it was authorized. If the witness who cosigned the document fails to inform the General Assembly, then they shall face a five year prison term. Torture shall not be used to get an omission of guilt, but to attain information, and the individual shall not be detained or tortured ever again, unless said individual has been convicted in a court of law. Those who die from torture, and have a spouse or children, shall be allowed compensation under section (t), and the individual doing the torture shall face life in prison.

(q) The only rights an individual incarceration has, is the right to have legal counsel, the right to see that counsel whenever, for an unlimited amount of days, for a maximum of twelve hours per day; the right to be safe from other prisoners, guards, visitors, and to have the necessary water intake, and be feed at least one portion size of food, per day, of nutritional value.

(r) Any individual who has been the victim of an unlawful arrest or detention, shall have an enforceable right to compensation at the rate of one hundred dollars per hour, tax free, and if said individual lost their employment because they went to prison, and are unable to be rehired, or if said individual wants new employment, they shall be compensated four years worth of salary, and have the option of receiving an upgrade in training or education, with the costs being covered up to a maximum of four years.

(s) In all civil cases, plaintiffs and defendants shall be entitled to a speedy and private trial, by an impartial judge, of the state and district wherein the issue has taken place, which shall have been previously ascertained by law. Defendants shall be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation in an official language which they understand. Defendants and Plaintiffs shall have the right to retain and instruct counsel; the right to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in their favour; to be confronted with any witnesses against them, and the right to the assistance of an interpreter. Whoever loses their case in court, or if the plaintiff withdraws their case, shall have to pay for the court's time. If their is a settlement, the cost of the court's time must be part of the settlement. Res judicata and collateral estoppel shall be part of all decisions in civil cases, therefore the plaintiff cannot take it to another court, unless new evidence has come to light that the plaintiff could not previously of had, or there are grounds that the judge, or in some cases, the jury, were not impartial.

(t) Individuals shall have the right to sue government for any wrong doing, as long as it can be proven that the government's actions was not in the best interest of the People, and did harm to the plaintiff. Plaintiffs shall hold the right to have an impartial trial by jury, and if an individual cannot afford an attorney, one shall be provided for them.

(u) Individuals shall hold the right to petition any law or bylaw passed, except for taxation laws, and only if they have voted in the previous election, in the jurisdiction in which they wish to petition. Petitions shall be signed in secret, and only the number of signatures for a petition shall be released. It shall take seventy-five percent of the signatures of people who voted in the previous election to remove a law or bylaw, and petitions shall have until twelve am, the day of the official writ to reach their quota, or it shall expire. Individuals shall have to go to their local chief electoral officer, sign the petition, and pay a non-refundable twenty-five dollars. Governments shall hold the right to question the petition process, but shall have thirty days from the date and time of a successful petition, to ask the highest court in the jurisdiction affected, to verify the petition process. Once the review is done, and if the Court finds that there are no irregularities, then the petition process shall be final. No petitioned law or bylaw can be reenacted, unless taken to a referendum with a seventy-five percent approval. If the judiciary in the jurisdiction in-which a law or bylaw was petitioned, finds the government has passed a similar law or bylaw, the Court shall reject it.

(v) Individuals shall not be fined more than five percent of their yearly gross income per offence; except in cases where an individual fails to prove their yearly income, or an individual's income derives from criminal activity. Once an individual has paid twenty-five percent of their yearly gross income in fines, the government shall not fine said individual again for the year, unless it can be proven in court, that the fines are resulting from continued bad behavior, and that the government is not targeting said individual.

(w) Government fees for any government service, shall not be more than one percent of an individuals yearly gross income, per service; except in cases where an individual fails to prove their yearly income, where fees can be higher. Once an individual has paid twenty-five percent of their yearly gross income in fees, that individual shall not pay any more government fees for the year, unless it can be proven in court, that the individual is trying to abuse the system.

(x) Every individual who is the Age of Majority, which shall be twenty years of age or older, has the right to one equal vote in a secret ballot for the election of President of Earth, and to be qualified for membership therein; except for those who have been convicted of election fraud, government corruption, or are currently in a mental facility, or incarcerated.

(y) Individuals who do vote in presidential elections, shall have the right to recall the President of Earth, and vote in international referendums. To petition a recall of the President of Earth, it has to be after three hundred and sixty-five days in office, and shall require the signatures of fifty percent plus one of the people who voted in the previous presidential election, and petitions shall have until twelve am, thirty days prior to election day to reach their quota, or it shall expire. Individuals shall have to go to their local chief electoral officer, sign the petition, and pay a non-refundable twenty-five dollars. Petitions shall be signed in secret, and only the number of signatures for a petition shall be released. The President shall hold the right to question the petition process, but shall have thirty days from the date and time of a successful petition to ask the International Court to verify the petition process. Once the review is done, and if the Court finds that there are no irregularities, then the petition process shall be final.

(z) The People shall be entitled to a democratic federal, regional and municipal government, and to be qualified for membership therein. The People shall also hold the right to one equal vote in a secret ballot in every general election, by-election, and referendum. Any stipulation for an individual who has reached the Age of Majority not being allowed to vote, or to hold membership therein, shall need to pass a referendum of seventy-five percent. No elected government can be dissolved without the prior consent from the People, requiring a referendum approval of seventy-five percent.

CHAPTER IV: THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED NATIONS OF EARTH

Article 6

1. The city of New York shall be the capital of Earth.

2. The United Nations flag shall become the flag of Earth.

3. The United Nations building shall hold the Office of the President, the Residence of the President, the General Assembly, World Press Gallery, and governmental offices.

Article 7

1. There shall be a world currency shared by all Member States, and the world currency shall be one hundred percent digital.

2. The monetary system shall be based on population growth and government expenditures; with funding to be issued by the Central Banks, which every Member State shall have.

3. The International Monetary Fund shall be incorporated into the World Bank, and shall take over all international financial dealings of the World Bank. The International Monetary Fund shall decide the monetary value of a population, and any government that wishes to spend outside their budget for government expenditure spending, shall need the approval of the International Monetary Fund. The International Monetary Fund shall also make annul budget recommendations for the United Nations. The International Monetary Fund's primary goals shall be to stimulate the world's economy and to keep the international economic system stable.

4. The United Nations shall use a social-capital economic policy: which shall mean the International Monetary Fund shall issue all the currency needs for public services and expenditures of the United Nations, while having a free market economy for everything else: which shall mean no state-owned corporations, or regulating the international economy, unless it deals with planetary concerns.

5. There shall be no international income or business taxation of any sorts; nor on any goods or services.

Article 8

1. There shall be a World Free Trade Agreement, which shall allow businesses to freely expand across Member States; monopolize the market, be free of tariffs, and market prices shall not be dictated, unless it is under a State of Emergency.

2. All trade disputes between Member States, between businesses, or between Member States and businesses, can be taken to the World Trade Organization by any party for resolution, but the World Trade Organization shall not arbitrary intervene in any party dispute, unless it is affecting international trade.

3. To prevent a wage war to lure business, there shall be a minimum international wage agreement for each industry of trade, so all businesses shall have to pay their employees the same minimum salary, no matter where they wish to operate.

4. If there is no wage agreement, then there shall not be free trade in that particular industry: so if an automobile manufacturer wishes to sell their vehicles worldwide, they shall have to manufacture their vehicles in every Member State they want to sell them in; food and water shall be exempt from this.

Article 9

1. Whenever the President, Apprentice, Cabinet Member, presidential staff, or civil servant are approached by an individual and offered a bribe, it shall be reported to the Inspector's General Office as soon as possible.

2. If the President, Apprentice, Cabinet Member, presidential staff, or civil servant are involved in corruption, there shall be an automatic public inquiry. The Inspector General shall run the public inquiry commission, and all evidence shall be turned over to the International Court for judgment.

3. If the President, Apprentice, Cabinet Member, presidential staff, or civil servant are found guilty of corruption, they shall be executed, but before execution,
shall be questioned, and if there is no co-operation, they shall be tortured.

4. Any individual who has been found guilty of offering the President, Apprentice, Cabinet Member, presidential staff, or civil servant a bribe, shall be executed, but before execution, shall be questioned, and if there is no cooperation, they shall be tortured.

Article 10

1. There shall be a Freedom of Information Act, where any person can request information not made public, for a fee of twenty-five dollars, except for when it is regarding classified information. The full spending of the operating budget for each year shall be made public the following year.

2. All forms of communication used for work by the President, Apprentice, Cabinet Members, presidential staff and civil servants, as well as all meetings that involve members of the general public, shall be documented and saved for ten years. The use of personal communication to do government business shall be banned, and it shall be illegal to discuss or do government business outside sanctioned government functions, to be prescribed by the Inspector's General Office. The Inspector General shall have the power to fire or fine any civil servant up to one hundred thousand dollars that does so, and the power to fine the President, Apprentice, Cabinet Member or presidential staff up to two hundred and fifty thousand dollars. The Inspector's General Office shall be responsible for monitoring and keeping this information, and whether to release or delete it.

3. There shall be open-bidding on all government contracts.

4. Lobbying of the President, Apprentice and Cabinet Ministers shall be legal, but not of the civil service or presidential staff. Any attempt to lobby presidential staff or civil servants, shall be seen as attempted bribery, and Article 9 shall take into affect.

Article 11

1. There shall be whistle blower protection for civil servants. Civil servants shall be protected from facing criminal punishment, being fired or fined for exposing government scandals, except for when it comes to classified information. Any civil servant that releases classified information, shall be fired, and shall have thirty days to make an appeal to the International Court. If the Court rules that the leak was in the best interests of the People, then the civil servant shall get their job back, with back pay, but if the Court rules against the civil servant, or the civil servant fails to make an appeal within thirty days, they shall serve a term of twenty-five years in prison.

2. Civil servants shall be banned from going on strike. If government employees are unionized, and if there is no contract after ninety days of talks, then it shall go to arbitration. The arbitrator shall be agreed upon by both sides, and both sides shall submit their proposals on each issue, where the arbitrator shall decide between the two. If there is no agreement on an arbitrator within thirty days, then one shall be randomly chosen. No more than ten percent of the civil service can quit or retire during any given year, unless given approval.

3. No civil servant shall receive any gifts or emolument from any source that can be seen as a conflict of interest.

CHAPTER V: THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

Article 12

1. All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a General Assembly of the United Nations, which shall consist of the Heads of State of each Nation.

2. Members of the General Assembly shall each have one weighted vote. The weighted voting system shall be determined by three different factors: population, landmass, and gross domestic product; which Member States shall be given points based on where they rank in each given category, and the total number of points shall determine a Member State's weighted vote.

3. It shall take seventy-five percent from the total number of available points to approve a bill, then it shall be presented to the President, to be signed and stamped by the President to become law. The President shall have veto power over all bills, unless a bill passes with a one hundred percent approval from the General Assembly, with all members present.

4. Any Member of the General Assembly may present a bill to the Assembly, either in-person to the Speaker of the General Assembly, or by sending a signed memo, which then shall be forwarded to all Members of the General Assembly, including the President; with a confirmation memo to the member who submitted the bill, where it shall sit for at least thirty days, before being voted on. At anytime if the member who presented the bill to the Speaker wishes to withdraw or amend said bill before it enters the Assembly, they can do so either in person, or by sending the Speaker a signed memo withdrawing or amending the bill, then the Speaker shall then send a memo about the withdraw or amendment of the bill, with a confirmation to that member.

5. Members shall either say Yes, to approve a bill, or say No, to reject a bill. All votes shall be made available for public record.

6. All laws that are passed by the General Assembly, shall carry a sentence anywhere from one year to life in prison. It shall be up to the Sentencing Jury to give the International Court a mandatory sentence guideline.

Article 13

1. The General Assembly shall only meet when sessions are required to discuss world issues, vote on bills, and so forth. Sessions can be convoked by the President, Speaker, Inspector General or Public Hearings Committee. A quorum can be done either over a teleconference, or in person at the United Nations, which shall require an attendance of seventy-five percent of the Member States.

2. All General Assembly sessions and public hearings shall be broadcast live, but there shall be closed sessions, when in the judgement of the General Assembly requires secrecy.

3. There shall be no filibusters.

4. The General Assembly shall adopt its own rules of procedure.

Article 14

1. The General Assembly may discuss any questions or matters within the scope of the present Constitution, or relating to the powers and functions of the United Nations provided for in the present Constitution, and may make recommendations for changes.

2. The General Assembly may recommend measures for the peaceful adjustment of any situation, regardless of origin, which it deems likely to impair the general welfare or friendly relations among nations, including situations resulting from a violation of the provisions of the present Constitution.

3. Only the General Assembly shall have the power to declare War, and shall have the power to mandate the President to attempt to enter into Peace talks. This power can only be convoked by the General Assembly when all members are present, with a one hundred percent approval.

4. The President of the United Nations shall notify the General Assembly at anytime, of any matters relative to the maintenance of international peace and security which are being dealt with by the President, and shall similarly notify the General Assembly immediately once such matters are dealt with.

Article 15

1. The General Assembly shall be responsible for appointing the International Court, Inspector General of the United Nations, Speaker of the General Assembly, and such subsidiary structures as may be found necessary; may be established in accordance with the present Constitution, and appoint their principal officers and assign their duties for their respective offices.

2. General Assembly appointments shall serve a term of five years; the International Court is exempt from this.

3. The General Assembly shall set the budgets for all appointments they make.

4. The salaries and benefits of all appointees shall be decided by the General Assembly, and shall not be decreased or taken away from a sitting appointee. If the President finds a decrease in salary or benefit taken away to be out of malicious, the President shall have the power to reject it.

5. Appointees may not engage in any other occupation of a professional nature, or receive any gifts or emolument from any other source that can be seen as a conflict of interest.

6. Every year Members of the General Assembly (unless a seat becomes vacant before then) shall elect from within, twenty-five members to sit on the Public Hearings Committee. The committee shall have the power to call upon the President, Apprentice, Cabinet Members, presidential staff, civil servants, or General Assembly appointees to address the committee on behalf of the General Assembly. Public hearings shall last as many days as needed, but no longer than twelve hours per day, until the committee feels it has the answers it seeks. Individuals addressing the committee shall hold the right to ask the General Assembly to take a vote on ending the public hearing; it shall take fifty percent plus one from the General Assembly to do so. When there are issues of planetary concern, the President shall have the power to suspend the hearing process.

7. No Member of the General Assembly shall be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the United Nations.

8. Whenever the General Assembly is called upon to appoint a Secretary-General to take the place of the President, the Secretary-General shall not be allowed to run for President in the next election.
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Post: 75246543_2 created on Mon Oct 10, 2011 8:30 am
Posted: Mon Oct 10, 2011 8:30 am

Article 16

The role of the Speaker of the General Assembly shall be to maintain the order of business, moderate debate, make rulings on procedure, announce the results of votes, defend the rights and privileges of members, discipline members who break the procedures of the Assembly, while staying impartial to preserve the trust of the Assembly. The Speaker shall not participate in debate, nor vote. The Speaker of the General Assembly shall be appointed from outside the General Assembly.

CHAPTER VI: THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH

Article 17

The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United Nations. The President shall hold office for a term of five years with no term limits, and shall be elected as follows:

1. A President shall be elected by the majority of votes in total from all Member States, and election day shall take place in the month of January, in the years ending with a 0 or 5. The dates and times to be decided by the International Elections Commission.

2. A preferential ballot shall be used in electing a President; it shall take fifty percent plus one of the total votes cast to be elected.

3. None of the above shall be put on the ballot, allowing voters to choose none of the above if they do not like any of the candidates, or do not feel they are well informed enough to make a decision.

4. There shall be no acclamation, so the voters shall still have the option of choosing none of the above over the sole candidate. If by chance NOTA is elected, then the General Assembly shall appoint a Secretary-General to serve the term in office.

5. If there is no candidate for President, then the General Assembly shall appoint a Secretary-General.

6. Presidential candidates are banned from running for President under any political affiliation.

7. There shall be public funding for presidential candidates, excluding the current President. Public funding shall come from the working population. Every candidate shall receive one dollar from every worker's paycheque, up to a maximum of twenty-five dollars in total can be taken off.

8. If by chance there are more than twenty-five candidates running for President, then the total amount coming from the working population shall be divided equally amongst the candidates.

9. If a President wishes to seek re-election, they shall be allowed to receive campaign donations from individuals of up to one thousand dollars. Corporate, Union and Third Party donations shall be illegal.

10. No money shall be required as a deposit to become a presidential candidate, but said person shall need to have the required amount of nominators for President.

11. Nominators shall be registered voters who support said person for President, and these nominations shall be counted as a vote towards said candidate, therefore the names of nominators shall be kept secret.

12. All nominators shall have to go to their local elections office, and sign a nomination form. Once said individual qualifies as a candidate, nominators shall be ineligible to vote in the upcoming presidential election, unless said candidate resigns, or said nominator pulls their support.

13. For a nominator to pull their support, they shall have up to ninety days before election day, to go back to their local elections office. The candidate shall be informed of this, and shall have to only find new nominators, if it puts them under the required amount.

14. When there is a minimum of two candidates, there shall be a minimum of three presidential debates to be run by Elections Earth.

15. Corporations, Unions, Third Parties, and Media outlets shall be banned from giving their endorsement to any candidate, or paying individuals to go work for a candidate's campaign, or to run as a candidate.

16. Individuals who provide volunteer services for a candidate, or run as a candidate, shall be allowed to take a leave of absence from work, without losing position or seniority, from the drop of the official writ, up until election day.

17. The media shall cover all candidates equally and fairly.

Article 18

1. Before a President-elect can take the execution of the Office of the President, the following Oath shall be taken:

I ______, do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the Office of the President of the United Nations of Earth, and shall to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the People of Earth, and the Constitution of the United Nations of Earth.

2. The swearing-in shall be done with one hand on top of a book containing the Constitution of the United Nations, and the other hand in the air, taken before the Chief Justice of the International Court, or if unavailable, the most senior Associate Justice, or an Elections Earth official.

3. Once the election results have become official, the former President or Secretary-General shall have twenty-four hours to clean out the Office of the President, and fourteen days to move out of the Official Residence of the President. If an incumbent President is re-elected, they shall not retake the Oath of Office, as their term in office has been continued.

4. When a new President has been elected, all Cabinet Members and presidential staff, shall not be allowed to resign until ninety-one days after the election results have become official, unless the President has given approval.

Article 19

1. The President shall receive compensation during the period for which they have been elected, and shall not engage in any other occupation of a professional nature, or receive within that period any gifts or emolument from any source that can be seen as a conflict of interest.

2. The President shall receive a base salary of five hundred thousand per year, tax free, with a five percent increase in salary each term the President is re-elected. The President and immediate family members shall receive full health coverage, and children shall receive full education coverage until the age of twenty-five.

3. If the President wishes to raise the base salary, or to receive a new benefit, it shall have to be put on the ballot of the next presidential election. The voters shall have the right to either approve or disapprove any new benefit, but when it comes to a pay raise, the voters shall either choose to approve it, or cut it by the asking percentage.

Article 20

1. The Presidential Line of Succession establishes the line of succession to the powers and duties of the Office of the President, in the event that a President dies, resigns, is mentally unfit, or removed from office.

2. Upon the death, incapacitation, or resignation of a President, a President's Apprentice shall become the next President. If there is no Apprentice, then the General Assembly shall appoint a Secretary-General to finish out the term in office.

3. To remove a sitting President who is mentally unfit for office, the General Assembly shall have the power to order three independent medical examines on the President, to determine if the President is mentally fit for office. If all three medical examines show the President to be mentally unfit, then it shall require a one hundred percent approval from the General Assembly to remove the President, with all members being present for the vote. Each examination shall be transmitted to the General Assembly with a written declaration that the President is either able or unable to discharge the powers and duties of the office. If the General Assembly vote to remove the President, the President shall have twenty-four hours to call an immediate referendum to be held within ninety days, to let the People decide whether or not the President is fit for office. Failure to do so, shall result in the President being removed from office.

4. If a President was incapacitated and were to recover from it, as long as their term has not expired, the President shall have the right to finish out their term in office.

5. If the President is ever convicted of a crime and sent to prison, or is recalled, the President's Apprentice, along with Members of Cabinet and presidential staff, shall be removed along with the President, and the General Assembly shall appoint a Secretary-General to finish out the term in office.

6. A convicted or recalled President shall be banned from running for public office ever again; working for any level of government, or doing any business with any level of government.

Article 21

1. As part of the President's executive power, the President shall have the administrative authority to give executive orders, lay fines, and shall be the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the United Nations.

2. The President shall have an Executive Office, which shall consist of staff reporting directly to the President.

3. There shall be no Vice-President, but the President shall have the option of having an Apprentice. A President's Apprentice shall learn how to run government, and shall not have any official powers, unless authorized by the President, who can give and take away at will, and remove the Apprentice at any time.

4. The President shall have the power to create Executive Departments and Agencies, and appoint Secretaries as principal officers for said departments and assign them their duties for their respective offices.

5. The President shall decide all Cabinet, Apprentice, and presidential staff salaries and benefits, and Cabinet, Apprentice and presidential staff shall not engage in any other occupation of a professional nature, or receive not receive within that period any gifts or emolument from any source that can be seen as a conflict of interest.

6. The President shall manage the operating budget of the United Nations, and shall not make any long term fiscal planning beyond their current mandate.

7. The President shall have the power to propose bills to the General Assembly.

8. When two or more Member States are in dispute with each other, and none wish to take it to the International Court, the President shall have the power to assign the dispute to the International Court, and Member States shall comply with the decision of the Court.

9. The President shall have the power to veto a declaration of War by the General Assembly, and shall have the power to only go to War when attacked first, or given prior approval by the General Assembly.

10. Only the President can authorize the classification and declassification of classified information; classification shall last for a maximum of twenty-five years.

CHAPTER VII: THE JUDICIAL BRANCH

Article 22

1. The judicial power of the United Nations shall be vested in an International Court, which shall extend to international matters arising under this Constitution; the Laws of Earth; cases against the United Nations, and shall have the power to review and reject any law passed that violates the Constitution of the United Nations, except for laws that pass a referendum, established by this Constitution.

2. Any government that violates the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and refuses orders from the International Court to undo these violations, the Court shall then issue a warrant for the arrest of those government officials to face trial. If local police refuse these orders, then another warrant shall issue for the arrest of those officers, and the Court shall then have the power to order the military to make these arrests. Any government officials, or anyone else who aided and abetted the government in defying the Court's orders, if convicted, shall face life in prison.

3. For everything outside the Charter of Rights and Freedoms where a party fails to perform the obligations incumbent upon it under a judgment rendered by the Court, the Court shall have the power to lay down fines it deems necessary.

Article 23

1. The Court shall be composed of a Chief Justice and fourteen Associate Justices, which shall serve life tenure, unless a Justice resigns, retires, is incapacitated, convicted, or fails their duties.

2. The Court shall remain permanently in session, while allowing Justices time off for family or health reasons, and for every three hundred and sixty-five days on the bench, be given twenty-one vacation days. A quorum of nine judges shall suffice to constitute the Court.

3. Members of the Court cannot take part in any case which is, or could be seen as a conflict of interest.

4. The Court shall frame rules for carrying out its functions; in particular, it shall lay down rules of procedure, but the General Assembly shall have the authority to change them by a two-thirds majority.

5. To remove a Justice from the International Court, the General Assembly shall need a one hundred percent approval, with all members being present for the vote, to remove said Justice, or seventy-five percent approval, with all members being present, with the approval of the President.

Article 24

1. When a judicial seat becomes vacant, each Member of the General Assembly shall have the right to nominate one qualified candidate per vacancy.

2. Judicial candidates shall have the following qualifications for Justice: served as a judge for a minimum of ten years, but preference shall be given to those who have served as a defence lawyer, prosecutor, and judge, for a minimum of five years each. Nominees shall also be in good physical health, be mentally sound, have no criminal record, have no unreasonable debt, are not alcoholics, drug users, gamblers, or do anything in-which could compromise said nominee.

3. Nominations shall be open on the day after in-which the seat becomes vacant, and shall stay open for thirty days from that date in time.

4. If no Member of the General Assembly nominates a candidate for Justice, then the President shall have the power to appoint a new Justice.

5. Nominees shall have to go through a vetting process by INTERPOL. Nominees that pass the vetting process, shall then have to go through a question process by the General Assembly, for no more than twelve hours per day, a maximum of thirty days.

6. If after the vetting process, there are less nominees than there are vacant seats, the General Assembly shall then confirm or reject said nominees, after the question process.

7. If no nominee passes the vetting process, then each Member of the General Assembly shall be allowed to make another nomination for Justice, and nominations shall then be reopened for thirty days.

8. Once the nominee question process is over, it shall go to a vote, and nominees shall be chosen by a preferential ballot, and it shall take fifty percent plus one to become the new Justice. If there is a tie on the final ballot, the General Assembly shall be allowed to re-question the final nominees, for no more than twelve hours per day, up to fourteen days, before voting again. If the vote ends up in another tie, the President shall break the tie.

9. When their is no Chief Justice sitting on the Court, the General Assembly shall appoint a new Chief Justice from the Associate Justices.

Article 25

1. Members of the Court shall have to go through an annual financial audit, and once a member reaches the age of 60, they shall have to go through an annual health and mental examination.

2. Justices cannot be a member of a political party, make contributions to a party or candidate, or vote in any election.

Article 26

I ______, do solemnly swear that I shall administer justice faithfully and impartially, and shall discharge and perform all the duties incumbent upon me as ______, according to the best of my abilities and understanding, and that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion, and shall to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United Nations and the Laws of Earth.

2. The swearing-in shall be done with one hand on top of a book containing the Constitution of the United Nations, and the other hand in the air, taken before either the Chief Justice, Associate Justice, or the Speaker of the General Assembly.

Article 27

1. Where an individual is facing international charges, the jury shall be made up of nine individuals from the legal community. Service shall be mandatory, unless it shall interfere with a judge's or lawyer's current case, is, or could be seen as a conflict of interest, or dealing with family or personal reasons.

2. Those who serve on the jury shall be compensated at their current rate of pay per day.

3. It shall take a unanimous vote to convict. If there is a mistrial, then the International Court shall decide if said individual is guilty or not by a unanimous vote. If there is another hung jury, then said individual shall be set free.

4. Upon conviction of an international crime, one thousand individuals shall be randomly chosen from the voters list of each Member State, to sit on the Sentencing Jury.

5. Individuals shall go to their local courthouse, and be given information about the case. Both the prosecution and defence shall be allowed to make a video statement, and if their is a victim, the victim shall also be allowed to make a statement. Individuals shall then be told to come back in thirty days to choose one of four mandatory sentences: minimum, medium, hard, and life. There shall be no parole.

6. Sentencing guidelines shall give the Court their mandate when handing down a sentence. A minimum sentence shall be one to five years; a medium sentence shall be six to twelve years; a hard sentence shall be thirteen to twenty-five years, and life shall be life in prison.

7. The Court shall then take into account all the choices made by the Sentencing Jury. If any one of the four sentences receives a minimum of seventy percent, the Court shall be bound to hand down a sentence within that guideline.

8. If the President feels the Court has handed down a sentence that is a polar opposite of the wishes of the People, the President shall then have twenty-four hours to veto the sentence, and then the General Assembly shall then decide the sentence.

9. All convictions and sentencing shall be final, unless there is new evidence that shall over-turn a conviction, or shows that individual should of been convicted on lesser charges. In these cases, the International Court or the President shall then have the power to pardon, or sentence to a lesser charge.

10. Individuals who sit on the Sentencing Jury, shall be compensated double their current rate of pay per day, and shall be permitted to take a leave of absence from work for the time they serve on the Sentencing Jury, without losing position or seniority. Individuals shall not serve again, until everybody on the voters list has had the opportunity to serve, and cannot have any association with the convicted party.

CHAPTER VIII: THE INSPECTIONS BRANCH

Article 28

The duties and responsibilities of the Office of the Inspector General is to regulate, audit, review, ensure compliance with legislation; to conduct inspections of departments and agencies, and their policies and procedures to prevent abuse, and that funds are not wasted or stolen; to hold the government to the highest degree of professionalism and integrity possible; that government remains honest and efficient on behalf of the People. And where necessary, critique these operations and activities with recommending ways for departments and agencies to carry out its responsibilities in the most effective, efficient, and economical manner possible.

Article 29

1. The Inspector General shall have full, unrestricted access to all information regarding the United Nations. All records, reports, plans, documents, files, contracts, memoranda, correspondence, and other data or materials shall be provided.

2. The Inspector General shall randomly every year run anti-corruption tests of the United Nations. The number of individuals and who shall be selected, shall be left up to the Inspector's General Office.

3. When offered a bribe by an undercover officer of the Inspector's General Office, if the individual says no, they are expected to follow Article 9, section 1. If the bribe is accepted, then they shall be immediately fired, and Article 9, sections 2 and 3 shall be followed.

CHAPTER IX: THE POPULOUS BRANCH

Article 30

Government is for the betterment of society, and without government, societal progression cannot take place, and even though in a democracy the People elect those to represent them, that does not mean governments should have absolute power over the People, and without separation of powers, there is no checks and balances, and without checks and balances, there can be no government accountability, and without government accountability, there is corruption.

ELECTORAL COMMISSION

Article 31

1. The People shall have independent election commissions in every municipality, which shall serve as the Municipal Elections Commission; all municipal election commissions within a region, shall serve as the Regional Elections Commission; all election commissions within a country, shall serve as the Federal Elections Commission, and all election commissions worldwide, shall serve as the International Elections Commission.

2. Elections Commissions shall be responsible for creating election policies, run public education and information programs about the electoral process, and hear electoral ideas from the general public for consideration. Any election law that has a prison term attached to it, shall need to be approved by government.

Article 32

1. There shall be nine election commissioners sitting on these commissions: four members shall be randomly chosen from the voters list, and five members shall be appointed by municipal governments, one of which shall be the chairman of the commission.

2. Voters shall serve a term of one year, and shall not serve again, until everybody on the voters list has had the opportunity to serve, and shall not serve on more than one commission at a time, and cannot have any association with any level of government.

3. Individuals who sit on the Elections Commission, shall receive double their current salary, and shall be permitted to take a leave of absence from work for the time they serve on the commission, without losing position or seniority.

4. Election commissioners shall only be removed if both city council, and the commissioners own elections commission approve the removal. All members of council, and all commissioners, excluding the commissioner(s) in question, shall need to approve to have said commissioner(s) removed from the Elections Commission.

Article 33

1. Elections Commissions shall appoint a Chief Electoral Officer for a five year term to oversee general elections, by-elections, referendums, and petitions. The Chief Electoral Officer shall also be responsible for managing and monitoring candidate compliance; enforce electoral legislation; maintaining the electors list; examining and disclosing candidate financial returns; ensuring access on election day for all eligible citizens; submit annual, and when necessary, special reports to the Elections Commission for its consideration; take complaints from candidates and the general public; launch electoral investigations, and any other election duties the commission prescribes.

2. Municipal Chief Electoral Officers shall be responsible for overseeing commission selections for the Elections and Police Commission.

3. Regional Chief Electoral Officers shall be responsible for overseeing commission selections for the Judicial Commission.

4. Federal Chief Electoral Officers shall be responsible for overseeing commission selections for the Sentencing Jury.

5. A Chief Electoral Officer cannot be a member of a political party, make contributions to a party or candidate, or vote in any election.

Article 34

It shall take a two-thirds vote to pass any policy motion municipally, with all members being present for the vote; unless before hand they swear in-front of the chairman declaring their vote. Before any policy motion can be submitted regionally, federally, or internationally by an elections commissioner, it must first pass a two-thirds vote by the commissioners own commission, then submitted to the Chief Electoral Officer of the Elections Commission it was meant for, who shall then pass it on to the other commissions for a policy motion vote. It shall take two-thirds of the total number of electoral commissions to pass the policy motion. New electoral systems shall require a seventy-five percent approval from the People in a referendum.

Article 35

1. The Electoral Commission's budget shall be decided by the General Assembly, and the costs are to be shared by all layers of government. If the Elections Commission wishes to have an increase in their budget, but is rejected by the General Assembly, it can be placed on the ballot of the next presidential election, to be decided by the People.

2. Budgets approved by the People, shall not be decreased, unless approved by the People, and Elections Commissions shall adopt their own rules of procedure.

JUDICIAL COMMISSION

Article 36

The People shall have an independent Judicial Commission in every region, which shall hear complaints and recommendations on how to improve the legal system from the general public and from those who work within the legal system. The commission shall have the power to discipline or remove judges or lawyers; hold public inquiries; request the police to investigate possible criminal actions, or appoint investigators with special powers to do so, and can make recommendations for improving all levels of the legal system. Government can only create new Courts with the approval of the Judicial Commission, and the abolition of Courts, shall only take place after going to a referendum with a seventy-five percent approval.

Article 37

1. There shall be twenty-five judicial commissioners sitting on these commissions: ten members shall be randomly chosen from the voters list, and fifteen members shall be appointed by regional governments, one of which shall be the chairman of the commission.

2. Voters shall serve a term of one year, and shall not serve again until everybody on the voters list has had the opportunity to serve, and shall not serve on more than one commission at a time, and cannot have any association with government, or within the legal system.

3. Individuals who sit on the Judicial Commission, shall receive double their current salary, and shall be permitted to take a leave of absence from work for the time they serve on the commission, without losing position or seniority.

4. Judicial Commissioners shall only be removed if both the regional government, and the Judicial Commissioners own commission approve the removal. All members of regional legislative body, and all commissioners, excluding the commissioner(s) in question, shall need to approve to have said commissioner(s) removed from the Judicial Commission.

Article 38

The commission shall require a two-thirds vote on all decisions, with all members being present for the vote; unless before hand they swear in-front of the chairman declaring their vote.

Article 39

1. The Judicial Commission's budget shall be decided by regional governments, and cover the costs. If the Judicial Commission wishes to have an increase in their budget, but is rejected by the regional government, it can be placed on the ballot of the next regional election, to be decided by the People.

2. Budgets approved by the People, shall not be decreased, unless approved by the People, and Judicial Commissions shall adopt their own rules of procedure.

Article 40

Individuals who make any complaints against the legal system shall have to swear an Oath, and they shall have anonymity, unless the case becomes a criminal matter for the Courts.

POLICE COMMISSION

Article 41

The People shall have an independent police commission in every municipality that has a police force. In cases where municipalities share a police force, there shall only be one Police Commission for that area.

Article 42

1. The police commission shall be made up of nine members: four members shall be randomly chosen from the voters list, and five members shall be appointed by municipal governments, one of which shall be the chairman of the commission.

2. Voters shall serve a term of one year, and shall not serve again, until everybody on the voters list has had the opportunity to serve, and shall not serve on more than one commission at a time, and cannot have any association with any level of government or within the police force.

3. Voters who sit on the Police Commission, shall receive double their current salary, and shall be permitted to take a leave of absence from work for the time they serve on the commission, without losing position or seniority.

4. Police commissioners shall only be removed if both city council, and the commissioners own elections commission approve the removal. All members of council, and all commissioners, excluding the commissioner(s) in question, shall need to approve to have said commissioner(s) removed from the Police Commission.

Article 43

The commission shall require a two-thirds vote on all decisions, with all members being present for the vote; unless before hand they swear in-front of the chairman declaring their vote.

Article 44

Individuals who make any complaints against the police shall have to swear an Oath, and they shall have anonymity unless the case becomes a criminal matter for the Courts.

Article 45

1. The Police Commission's budget shall be decided by the local municipal government, and shall cover the costs. If the Police Commission wishes to have an increase in their budget, but is rejected by the municipal government, it can be placed on the ballot of the next municipal election, to be decided by the People.

2. Budgets approved by the People, shall not be decreased, unless approved by the People, and Police Commissions shall adopt their own rules of procedure.

Article 46

1. Police Commissions shall have the power to hold public inquiries; discipline or fire peace officers, and shall hear complaints and recommendations on how to improve the policing system from the general public; from those who work within the policing system, and from the Police Complaints and Investigations Commissioner. The commission shall only have the power to make recommendations to government.

2. Police Commissions shall appoint a Police Complaints and Investigations Commissioner, mandated to conduct independent investigations of the police when there are incidences involving the general public. The commissioner shall also have the power to charge peace officers with a criminal offence.

Article 47
Last edited by NewGlobalOrder on Wed Oct 12, 2011 9:41 pm, edited 1 time in total.

NewGlobalOrder
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RE: United Nations of Earth

Post by NewGlobalOrder » Wed Oct 12, 2011 9:41 pm

When governments fail to uphold their obligations to the People, or when the People do not like the current government, in a democracy, the People shall have an obligation to wait until the next election to remove those in power. If government takes away the Peoples right to a democracy, then, and only then, shall rebellion be legal.

CHAPTER X: FREEDOM OF THE PRESS

Article 48

The People shall have a free Press to watch over government, which shall be the obligation of the Press to inform the People.

Article 49

1. Members of the Press shall not be punished or forced to give up a source, unless it is dealing with classified information or planetary security, which the Press shall be banned from reporting on, and shall inform the government of all classified information or issues of planetary security it comes across, and provide all information relating to it, or face twenty-five years in prison.

2. Members of the Press shall have the right to report any suppression of the news, by any news organization to the Journalism Commission, which shall not only have the power to force the news organization to publish said story or opinion, but can be fined up to one million dollars.

3. Members of the Press shall have the right to break the law, but only when it is in the best interests of the public. Governments shall reserve the right to take the matter to the Journalism Commission.

4. Members of the Press shall have the right to monitor polling stations on election day, but shall not communicate with, or record voters.

Article 50

1. The Press shall be regulated by a Journalism Commission in every Member State. The Journalism Commission shall be made up of thirty members: ten members shall be elected from within the Press; government shall appoint ten members, and ten members shall be randomly chosen from the voters list.

2. It shall take a two-thirds majority for all decisions to be passed by the commission, and the commission shall pass its own rules of procedure.

Article 51

1. Members of the Press who sit on the commission, shall serve a three year term, and shall collect a salary from the membership fees, which shall be decided by the commission.

2. The government shall decide and cover the salaries of their appointees.

3. Voters shall serve a term of one year, and shall not serve again, until everybody on the voters list has had the opportunity to serve, and shall not serve on more than one commission at a time, and cannot have any association with any level of government, or within the Press.

4. Voters who sit on the Journalism Commission, shall receive double their current salary, which shall be paid by the government, and shall be permitted to take a leave of absence from work for the time they serve on the commission, without losing position or seniority.

5. Journalism commissioners shall only be removed if all the commissioners, excluding the commissioner(s) in question, approve to have said commissioner(s) removed from the Journalism Commission.

Article 52

1. The Journalism Commission shall listen to complaints against Members of the Press, and shall have the power to order Members of the Press to make retractions on stories/commentaries, and/or lay fines against them.

2. Journalists shall only be allowed to violate an individual's right to privacy, when that individual has committed criminal actions, to be prescribed by law; unless said individual gives consent.

3. Any journalist that violates an individual's right to privacy, shall serve a one year prison term, and be banned from the Press.

Article 53

1. Members of the Press can only be fired by the Journalism Commission, which shall either be on grounds of unprofessional conduct, or a news organization provides financial records for a layoff. Any Member of the Press who has been convicted of a crime, can be fired without the approval of the Journalism Commission.

2. News organizations shall have the power to suspended a Member of the Press from work, but with pay; unless said individual has been charged with a crime.

3. Individuals who feel they should be considered a Member of the Press, shall have to submit a request to the Journalism Commission for official status. If approved, shall have to pay annual fees to the Commission, and shall be entitled to vote for, and be elected to a position on the Journalism Commission.

4. Only those who have official Press status, shall be protected under Freedom of the Press in the Constitution, and be issued an official Press pass.

CHAPTER XI: THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS FOR MILITARY AND POLICE PERSONNEL

Article 54

Military and Police personnel shall have the right to refuse any order given based on moral beliefs, that the orders given violates the Constitution of the United Nations. Military and Police personnel shall face no punishment for doing so, unless the case is taken to the International Court, and ruled that the orders given do not violate the Constitution; then Military and Police personnel can be disciplined or fired.

Article 55

All Soldiers and Peace Officers when on duty, and dealing with the general public, shall wear an audio/visual device.

Article 56

1. All Military and Police personnel shall have ethics training, and shall not use their training and position of power to take part in a coup d'état against a democratic government.

2. All Military and Police personnel shall not use armed force against the People, unless the People are being violent, and all other means have failed to stop it.

Article 57

Before any military or police personnel can take the execution of their duties, the following Oath shall be taken:

I ______, do solemnly swear that I have a duty to defend and uphold the Constitution of the United Nations against all enemies: whether it be the People, the Government, or my fellow officer, and as an Officer, I shall serve and protect the People, the Government, and discharge my duties and powers faithfully according to law.

CHAPTER XII: STATE OF EMERGENCY

Article 58

1. This State of Emergency shall replace all other State of Emergency/Martial Law Acts within Member States; which can only be implemented during a time of war, invasion, insurrection, disease outbreak, lawlessness, or disaster.

2. The President of Earth shall have the power to enact and end a State of Emergency anywhere around the world; Member States and governments within them shall also have the power to enact and end a State of Emergency.

3. In a State of Emergency, governments shall have the power enforce a curfew, and to arrest and hold anyone breaking curfew for up to twenty-four hours; the power to arrest those inciting riots, and hold them until the State of Emergency has ended, and the power to hold anyone arrested for committing a crime during a State of Emergency until the State of Emergency has ended.

Article 59

1. Insurrections, riots, or other forms of lawlessness that happen under a State of Emergency, shall be open to shoot-to-kill orders, but only the President of the United Nations can authorize shoot-to-kill orders, which must be witnessed and co-signed by either the Inspector General of the United Nations or Speaker of the General Assembly, with the date and time on which the shoot-to-kill orders have been authorized.

2. When peace officers or soldiers are given orders to shoot-to-kill, they shall only do so after giving a final warning to cease and desist on every individual(s) they come across, and only after wounding said individual(s) doesn't stop them.

Article 60

1. In time of war, invasion or insurrection, the President's term in office may be continued beyond the five years if such continuation is not opposed by the General Assembly. There shall need to be a one hundred percent approval from the General Assembly, with all members being present for the vote. Once the war, invasion or insurrection is over, presidential elections shall resume on the next calendar date.

2. If a President's term is continued beyond the five years, the People shall still have the right of recall, to force an election during a time of war, invasion, or insurrection.

3. Governments within Member States shall be allowed to be continued beyond their term in office during a time of war, invasion or insurrection, but only when said government submits said request to the International Court for approval.

Article 61

1. During a time of war, invasion or insurrection, the Presidential Line of Succession shall include the military's chain of command, only if all Members of the General Assembly are dead, incapacitated, or are unwilling to preform their duties; therefore Military Command shall have full administrative and legislative powers until the war, invasion or insurrection is over.

2. When Military Command is in-charge, they shall report to the International Court, and the Court shall have the power to fire or arrest any military officer during a time of war, invasion or insurrection.

3. If all members of the International Court are dead, incapacitated, or are unwilling to preform their duties, then the Supreme Court of every Member State shall replace the International Court. If there are no functioning Supreme Courts, then the next highest level of Courts will have the authority of the International Court, and so forth.

4. Once the war, invasion or insurrection is over, presidential elections shall resume on the next calendar date.

5. When the government is under military control, the People shall still hold the right to force an election during a time of war, invasion, or insurrection. If the military refuse, then the armed forces shall have committed treason, and must be removed from power to face execution.

CHAPTER XIII: OFFICIAL LANGUAGES OF EARTH

Article 62

English shall be the official language of Earth, but any official language(s) of a nation shall have equal rights and privileges as to their use in all institutions of the United Nations; therefore any member of the general public shall have the right to communicate with, and to receive available services from, any head or central office of an institution of the United Nations in any official language of their choice, but to work for the United Nations or any of its institutions, it shall be mandatory to speak, read and write in English.

CHAPTER XIV: THE CONSTITUTION

Article 63

The Constitution of the United Nations of Earth is supreme over all other constitutions, and any law that is inconsistent with the provisions of this Constitution is, to the extent of the inconsistency, of no force or effect.

Article 64

The President and International Court shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this Constitution, and are constitutionally obligated to uphold the Constitution of Earth. Failure to do so, shall lead to a five year prison term, upon the conviction of the General Assembly, which shall require all members to be present, with a one hundred percent approval, and then a seventy-five percent approval in a referendum.

CHAPTER XV: AMENDMENTS

Article 65

To remove, suspend, or add to any part of the Constitution of the United Nations of Earth, one hundred percent of the General Assembly shall need to approve the change, with all members being present for the vote, then submitted to the President of the United Nations for presidential approval, and then it shall go to a referendum, to be held on the next presidential ballot, and shall need seventy-five percent approval to make the constitutional change.

CHAPTER XVI: RATIFICATION AND SIGNATURE

Article 66

1. The present Constitution shall come into full force upon the ratification by the signatory States, and upon the deposit of each ratification by each Member State.

2. The present Constitution, of which every language shall be written in, which is equally authentic, shall remain deposited in the archives of the United Nations, which shall communicate copies thereof to all the signatory States.

IN FAITH WHEREOF the representatives of the Governments of Earth have signed the present Constitution. DONE at New York City the day of ______, month of______, year of______.

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shweta.tiwari
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RE: United Nations of Earth

Post by shweta.tiwari » Wed Dec 28, 2011 9:33 am

You have write essay about of USA of earth, But at this time India is Great nation in our earth.
Last edited by shweta.tiwari on Wed Dec 28, 2011 9:33 am, edited 1 time in total.

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